The Children Learn from and from everything that is in their immediate environment. And what about a child? A lot of things, a lot of people and a lot of situations-an infinity of stimuli.
Now, learning is never as great as when an adult is present. It is the adult who is in charge of mediating, transferring and translating each stimulus to the child.
Ei mediating role of the adult in the learning process
The role of the adult is to facilitate the child’s understanding of their environment – to act as a link. There is increasing evidence showing the impacts on Children Learn development of positive and receptive interactions with adults. For example, it has been shown that when teachers intentionally handle behavioral aspects, attend to the interests of the child and channel their attention in a receptive manner, children improve their behavior in the classroom and also have better academic performance.
Attend the signals and follow their interests.
Beyond offering affection and affection, fundamental in and of themselves, the adult can identify and respond to the Children Learn communication forms, for example:
Naming the object or action of interest: “What are you pointing to? Oh! The storybook of the sun and the moon! ”
Responding if the child smiles or babbles when performing an action: “You like to tickle your feet, right?”
Talk about what is happening: “Yes! I’m putting your socks on so you do not feel cold on your feet. ”
Introduce new concepts
Naming everything in the environment. During the bath, for example, talk about how cold or hot the water is, dry and wet, the parts of the body, mentioning them and pointing them out. Or at lunchtime, take the opportunity to talk about the textures, sizes, shapes, and colors of the food.
Expand the knowledge of the child.
When they watch or read stories together if the child says: “wow-wow”, add: “Yes, it’s a big dog and it has four legs!”, Pointing them out.
Playing is the main means of Children Learn, as well as great fun. By playing, the adult can participate and strengthen the role play – remember that children imitate everything that adults do! – or introduce challenges and problems that the child has to solve: playing to open a jar and take out what is inside, to put together a puzzle, to find an object that we have hidden and a long etcetera.
Recognize and reinforce attempts and achievements in a positive way:
Congratulate the child with applause, with kisses, verbalizing his achievement and his attempts, thus promoting his self-esteem and encouraging him to continue learning.
Benefits of adult interaction
Developing your language.
They expose you and familiarize you with many new words-that you understand, internalize, and that little by little you will be introducing into your own vocabulary.
Promoting their cognitive and motor abilities.
The child becomes familiar with complex concepts such as of cause and effect, or the permanence of objects (the object does not disappear simply because you no longer see it).
Developing and stimulating aspects of executive function, such as attention, perseverance, self-regulation, among others, through facing and overcoming challenges.
Encouraging their creativity and their socio-emotional development.
Promoting attachment, the affectionate bond between the child and the adult caregiver, weaving a warm and close relationship between both.
Provoking your curiosity and encouraging you to want to Children Learn new things.
Lack of time, fatigue, the presence of other children, other responsibilities often limit the amount and quality of interactions between the adult and the child. Therefore, as adult caregivers, it is important that we remember their benefits. Everyone, from our area as parents, relatives, neighbors, caregivers, teachers, we have the responsibility to play this important mediating role in our relationship and interaction with children, thus contributing to boost their development to the fullest potential.