People with diabetes have a higher risk of heart attacks and strokes. Smoking and having high blood pressure and high cholesterol further increase these risks. The control of blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels is very important to prevent heart attacks and strokes.
Visit the doctor who treats your diabetes frequently. During these visits, your health care providers will check your cholesterol, blood sugar (blood sugar), and blood pressure. They can also instruct you to take medication.
Heart attack and strokes disease
The heart attack and strokes disease are major health issues for all women. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in American women, and stroke is the fourth. Although heart disease is more common in older women, most women between 40 and 60 have at least one risk factor for heart disease. The good news is that you can lower your risk of heart disease or stroke at any age.
Risk factors for heart disease
Your general health, daily habits, and family medical history can affect your risk of heart attack and strokes disease. While you can control some of these risk factors, such as habits, others, such as age, race or ethnicity, cannot be controlled. The more risk factors you have a heart disease, the greater the risk.
Stroke and women
Each year, stroke claims twice as many lives as breast cancer. In fact, stroke is the fourth leading cause of death among women. 1 In addition, more women die each year than men due to heart attack and strokes. A stroke can leave you permanently disabled. However, many strokes are preventable and treatable. All women can take steps to avoid a stroke if they know their risk factors and make healthy changes.
When you have extra cholesterol in your blood, it builds up inside the walls of the arteries (blood vessels) of the heart. This accumulation is called a plate. This narrows the arteries and reduces or stops circulation, which can lead to a heart attack and strokes or other serious heart diseases.
Most people with diabetes have prescribed a medication to reduce their LDL cholesterol levels. Drugs called statins are almost always used. You must learn how to take your statin medication and how to monitor side effects. The doctor will tell you if there is an ideal LDL level that you should aim for.
Have your blood pressure checked frequently. Your provider must take your blood pressure in all consultations. For most people with diabetes, a good blood pressure goal is less than 130 to 140 over 90 mm Hg. Ask your provider what is best for you.
Exercising, eating foods with little salt and losing weight (if you are overweight or obese) can lower your blood pressure. If your blood pressure is too high, your doctor will prescribe medication to lower it.
Exercising will help you control your diabetes and strengthen your heart. Always talk to your doctor before starting a new exercise program or before increasing the amount of exercise you are doing. Some people with diabetes may have heart problems and not know it because they have no symptoms.
Taking acetylsalicylic acid can help
Taking acetylsalicylic acid ( aspirin ) every day can lower the chance of having a heart attack and strokes. The recommended dose is 81 mg per day. Do NOT take this medication without first talking to the doctor.